Family Law

Navigating Family Law: Why You Need an Attorney

Main areas of family law and why you need an attorney

Family law is a legal practice area encompassing various issues related to family relationships, including marriage, divorce, child custody, adoption, and domestic violence.

Family law cases are important and can be costly. It’s important to have a skilled lawyer to help.

Let’s look at the main areas of family law and why having a lawyer is so important.

1. Divorce

Divorce is one of the most common family law issues. It involves the legal dissolution of a marriage and addresses several critical matters.

Division of Assets and Debts

During a divorce, the couple must divide marital assets and debts. This can be complicated, especially in cases involving significant property, businesses, or high-value assets. An attorney helps ensure a fair division, protecting your financial interests.

Spousal Support (Alimony)

Spousal support, or alimony, is financial assistance provided by one spouse to the other post-divorce. Deciding how much and how long spousal support is needed involves knowing state laws and the couple’s finances. An attorney can advocate for fair support terms.

Child Custody and Support

When kids are involved, custody and support are important, and it is necessary to consider custody and support.

A lawyer can assist in creating custody agreements that prioritize the well-being of the children. They can also ensure that child support is calculated correctly and fairly.

2. Child Custody and Visitation

Child custody and visitation rights determine where children will live and how much time they will spend with each parent. Custody can be classified as legal (decision-making authority) and physical (where the child lives).

Attorneys play a vital role in these cases:

Best Interests of the Child

Courts prioritize the best interests of the child when making custody decisions. An attorney can present evidence and arguments to demonstrate why a particular arrangement serves the child’s best interests.

Negotiation and Mediation

Attorneys can facilitate negotiation and mediation between parents to reach amicable custody agreements, potentially avoiding a contentious court battle.

Modification of Custody Orders

Life circumstances change, and existing custody orders may need modification. An attorney can help you file for modifications and present a compelling case to the court.

3. Child Support

Child support is a financial obligation paid by the non-custodial parent to the custodial parent to contribute to the child’s upbringing. Attorneys are essential in:

Calculation and Enforcement

Child support calculations consider various factors, including income, custody arrangements, and the child’s needs. An attorney ensures that the calculations are accurate and fair. If payments are not made, an attorney can assist in enforcement actions.


Changes in income, employment, or the child’s needs may necessitate a modification of child support. An attorney can guide you through the modification process, ensuring that your obligations or entitlements reflect your current situation.

4. Adoption

Adoption is the legal process of establishing a parent-child relationship between individuals who are not biologically related.

It involves complex legal procedures, making an attorney’s expertise invaluable.

Legal Requirements

Adoption laws vary by state and type (e.g., domestic, international, stepparent). An attorney can navigate these laws and ensure that all legal requirements are met.

Consent and Termination of Parental Rights

Before an adoption can proceed, the biological parents’ rights must be terminated, either voluntarily or involuntarily. This process requires precise legal action, which an attorney can handle proficiently.


Finalizing an adoption involves court hearings and paperwork. An attorney ensures that all documents are correctly filed and represents you in court to finalize the adoption smoothly.

5. Paternity

Paternity issues arise when determining the legal father of a child. Establishing paternity is crucial for child support, custody, and inheritance rights.

Establishing Paternity

Attorneys assist in filing paternity actions, arranging DNA testing, and navigating the legal process to establish paternity.

Rights and Responsibilities

Once paternity is established, attorneys help define the father’s rights and responsibilities, including custody, visitation, and support obligations.

6. Prenuptial and Postnuptial Agreements

Prenuptial (prenup) and postnuptial (postnup) agreements outline how a couple’s assets will be divided in the event of divorce or death. These agreements require careful legal drafting to be enforceable.

Legal Advice and Drafting

Attorneys provide legal advice on the implications of prenups and postnups, ensuring that the agreements are fair and legally sound. They draft the documents to meet all legal requirements.


An attorney can negotiate terms on your behalf, ensuring that your interests are protected while maintaining fairness to both parties.


Family law encompasses a broad spectrum of issues that impact the most intimate aspects of our lives. Whether dealing with divorce, child custody, adoption, or domestic violence, the stakes are high, and the legal complexities can be overwhelming.

An experienced family law attorney like Scott Kimberly provides invaluable guidance, representation, and support, ensuring that your rights are protected and that the legal processes are handled efficiently and effectively.

Investing in legal representation can make a significant difference in the outcome of your case, providing peace of mind and a clear path forward during challenging times. Feel free to reach out to our office with any questions.

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